This is an 1880 photograph showing the burned-out ruins of Mrs Ann Jones' Glenrowan Inn, where the Kelly gang staged their last stand. A man, possibly Superintendent Hare, the policeman in charge of the hunt for the Kelly gang, stands beside the smouldering ruins.
- illustrates one of the final stages in the story of the Kelly gang – Ned Kelly was Australia's most notorious outlaw; he carried out a series of robberies and eluded police until the Victorian government called in Aboriginal trackers from Queensland, who tracked Kelly, his brother Dan, and gang members Joe Byrne and Steve Hart to Glenrowan.
- shows the site of an event that has become part of Australian history and culture – on 27 June 1880, the Kelly gang bailed up the town of Glenrowan, cut the telegraph wires, ordered railway workers to rip up the line to stop the police train, and took more than 60 hostages; during the afternoon, while the gang waited for the special police train coming to arrest them, Kelly and the gang drank with the captives and held a sports meeting in the hotel yard.
- is a reminder of a bloody gun battle that involved innocent townspeople – the police fired as many shots as they could into the building so that the hostages were more afraid of them than of the gang; after they were allowed to leave, the hostages had to lie on the ground with their hands up until they were identified and allowed to leave one by one; two children were injured and another shot dead.
- shows the site of the last action by the Kelly gang – Joe Byrne was reportedly shot dead while taking a drink of whiskey; Ned Kelly was injured and taken to Melbourne where he was hanged on 11 November 1880, aged 25.
- was taken to record the remnants of the hotel – after the wounding and capture of Ned Kelly and the release of the hostages, the police, probably wanting to smoke out the rest of the gang, set the hotel on fire using straw soaked in kerosene; the walls of the hotel were lined with calico which caused the fire to spread rapidly throughout the building.
- was taken at the site of a heroic action – a priest, Matthew Gibney, entered the burning building and rescued Martin Cherry, a townsman; Gibney claimed to have seen the bodies of Dan Kelly and Steve Hart but there remains a myth that these were not the bodies of Dan Kelly and Steve Hart, suggesting that they had fled earlier and had been later seen in Queensland and Canada.
- shows what was left of the Glenrowan Inn – all that escaped burning was some corrugated iron and the brick chimneys; it is said that Ned Kelly suspected Mrs Jones of being a spy for the police, and chose her hotel for the final stand so that he could keep an eye on her.
- is one of many photographs of what became a 'media event', remarkable for the time – there were about 1000 spectators at the Glenrowan shoot out, many travelling by train from Melbourne lured by the prospect of the drama; photographs were circulated widely and were quickly copied and printed in newspapers and journals.