This drawing by Marion Mahony Griffin is part of entry no. 29, the winning entry in the 1911 Federal Capital City Design Competition. Entered by the US architect Walter Burley Griffin, it is headed 'Commonwealth of Australia Federal Capital Competition'. At the bottom is printed 'City and Environs'. The plan is an overview of Griffin's concept of a city located centrally between three hills – Black Mountain, Mount Ainslie and Mugga Mugga – and north and south of an ornamental lake made up of a series of linked basins.
- This drawing was prepared by architect Marion Mahony Griffin (1871–1961) and its long format (1520mm x 760mm) is a good example of her particular style which drew upon the Japanese design aesthetic.
- Walter Burley Griffin's design is acknowledged for its sensitivity to the natural topography of the site. The fine red lines indicate Griffin's axes along which he organised his proposed city structure.
- Griffin's Land Axis runs from Mount Ainslie in the north to Kurrajong Hill (now Capital Hill and the site of Australia's Parliament House) in the south. Griffin's Water Axis runs from Black Mountain in the west through to the east and Griffin's proposed East Lake. The black line is Griffin's Municipal Axis which is now Constitution Avenue.
- Within these axes lies Griffin's triangular government group with his proposed Capitol at its apex on Kurrajong Hill. Griffin proposed that Parliament House be sited lower down on Camp Hill (the current site of Old Parliament House). As a ceremonial building, the Capitol would honour the achievements of the Australian people. For the western base of the triangle Griffin proposed a Municipal Centre (now City Hill) and for the eastern base a Market Centre, linked by what is now Constitution Avenue.
- In May 1912 Griffin's entry no. 29 was announced as the winner of the international competition to design Australia's new capital city. However, the federal government board appointed to review the finalists' designs declined to follow any of the finalists and instead created its own design.
- After much controversy and a change of government, Walter Burley Griffin (1876-1937) was invited to Australia to discuss his winning design and in October 1913 he was appointed Federal Capital Director of Design and Construction.
- In 1920 Griffin's formal relationship with Canberra came to an end, after years of delays due partly to World War I and poor communications between Griffin and other members of the federal capital administration. Four years earlier in 1916 a royal commission of enquiry into the planning of Canberra had found that Griffin had been obstructed in carrying out his duties.