Protecting the Antarctic environment

Measuring the ozone black and white photograph

Measuring the ozone

NAA: A6180, 8/2/78/1

From the time humans were first present in Antarctica, the local wildlife has been studied and exploited for food and resources. An increased understanding of the vulnerability of native flora and fauna to human impact has resulted in the introduction of measures to protect the natural environment. Australia has played a significant role in the process of negotiating these international agreements.

Get thinking

  • Using the records, assess the level of awareness of the need to protect the Antarctic environment before the 1959 Treaty.
  • What are the most significant changes that have been introduced since the 1959 Treaty to ensure greater protection of the Antarctic environment?
  • What are the main arguments for and against realising the full economic potential of the Antarctic?

Get going

  • Click on record links below to see more primary sources.
  • Click on the 'about' tab attached to some of the records to learn about that record.