City & Environs – detail from a plan for Canberra by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony

City & Environs – detail from a plan for Canberra by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony

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Environment

Achieving a balance in the use of our natural environment at times throws the government into conflict – between advocates of economic development, proponents of risky conservation techniques, and those who value pristine environments. Conservation issues also elicit a vibrant public debate where people feel passionately about conflicting land uses.

Antarctica

In administering the Antarctic Territory, Australia is responsible for part of the coldest, windiest and most inhospitable continent in the world. But Antarctica also offers a unique opportunity for scientific research, particularly related to global warming and changes in the atmosphere. The fragility of the Antarctic environment, as well as its harshness, presents further challenges to those who occupy it.

Transport

'Transportation is civilisation' cries the banner on an early Qantas letterhead. Government records reflect this sentiment and document its close involvement in road, rail, sea and air transport.